Brio Cleaners Glossary
Common Terms from the Dry Cleaning Industry
(See: Deodorizing Cycle)
A dry-side spotting agent that fights plastic and oil stains.
The final dry cleaning step after cleaning and finishing processes: sorting, bagging, and racking clothes on a conveyor.
Boiler Feed Water Treatment
The prevention of scale buildup in boilers through chemical agents, as opposed to boiler blowdown water.
A plate at the base of a steam press, holding textiles for pressing.
Bumping (Air Bumping)
A common replaceable filter made of filter paper, clay, and carbon in a metal shell.
The sorting of textiles into appropriate groups for high-volume treatment, based on color, material, finish, trim, and weight.
Coin-Operated Dry Cleaning Machine
Cold Spotting Board
A spotting board that does not use steam.
Drycleaners that primarily clean apparel, uniforms, and flatwork, as opposed to industrial cleaners.
Constant Pressure Filter
Cooked Powder Residue
(See: Muck Cooker)
A spotting solution made of digestive enzymes to fight organic stains (e.g. from food).
A valve that blocks outer air from entering a refrigerated condenser.
The cleaning of textiles with dry cleaning solvent, as opposed to laundering or wetcleaning with water. Tags read “dry clean only” whenever textiles can only be drycleaned rather than laundered, but wetcleaning allows for the same textiles to be cleaned with specially-distributed water and none of the hazardous solvents. Dry cleaning operations move from marking to classification to cleaning, drying, and finishing in dry cleaning machines to assembly, and may involve commercial drycleaners, industrial cleaners, coin-operated dry cleaning machines, and/or dry drop-off facilities.
Dry Cleaning Machine
Either a dry-to-dry machine or a transfer machine. Components include the washer-extractor, tumbler or reclaimer, still, vacuum unit, water separator, condenser, heating coil, refrigerated condenser, hot plate evaporator, inductive fan, pump strainer, solvent pump, button trap, and carbon adsorbers.
Dry Cleaning Solvent
A substance that dissolves soil, grease, and other stains on textiles without using water (i.e. by dry cleaning). Petroleum-based dry cleaning solvents and chlorinated solvents such as perchloroethylene present environmental and health risks, so eco-friendly wetcleaning operations are designed to avoid them.
Dry Drop-off Facility
A commercial storefront that transfers customers’ textiles to and from dry cleaning facilities elsewhere instead of operating on-site.
Dry-Side Spotting Agent
Fifth Generation Dry Cleaning Machine
(See: Transfer Machine)
Full-size Carbon Unit
A gray tinge to textiles resulting from soil particles in solvent. Polishing filters are designed to offset graying.
A stream press whose perforations vent steam and air on woolen textiles.
A detector that identifies and signals changes in perchloroethylene vapor concentrations.
Hot Plate Evaporator
A steam press whose solid stainless steel heats steam up to 300° F on silken textiles.
Drycleaners that clean dust control items, work uniforms, and wiping towels, as opposed to commercial drycleaners.
The first step of dry cleaning: tagging or stamping numbers onto textiles for identification.
A device that disposes of wastewater into the air upon the water’s filtration through activated carbon or polymer filter.
Non-volatile Residue (NVR)
Chemicals added to detergents to brighten textiles’ color.
The most common dry cleaning solvent due to its effective removal of non-water soluble soils, commonly abbreviated as “Perc”. Due to the solvent’s status as a known carcinogen and air and groundwater pollutant, eco-friendly alternatives to dry cleaning such as wetcleaning avoid the use of perchloroethylene .
Petroleum Dry Cleaning Solvent
A filter under the main filtration system that reduces graying from small soil particles via miniscule pores between spiral cotton or resin-bonded fibers.
Powder Filtration System
Protein Formula Detergent
A wet-side spotting agent utilizing digestive enzymes such as Lipase, Cellulase, Amylase, or Protease against cellulose, fats, proteins, starch, and oils.
(See: Still Bottoms)
(See: Carbon Adsorber)
Solvent Relative Humidity
Solvent Relative Humidity Instrument
The selective use of water, detergent, steam, or chemicals as spotting agents to clean particular spots on textiles.
The steam-supplied space for spotting operations.
A surface active agent, or a chemical that reduces surface tension of water and oil molecules to maintain an otherwise unstable mixture between them.
A finishing device that reduces creases in textiles by blowing air and steam through them.
A solid or liquid detergent that can dissolve oils in water.
Tetrachloroethylene or Tetrachloroethene
(See: Carbon Adsorber)
Vapor Recovery Unit
Water Soluble Soil
Soil that water dissolves, such as sugar, starch, syrups, salt, gums, and other food-related organic substances.
Wet-side Spotting Agent
Wholesale Supply Facility
A commercial facility that supplies dry cleaning equipment or solvents to dry cleaning facilities.